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Journal Articles Molecular Cell Year : 2024

Dynamic BTB-domain filaments promote clustering of ZBTB proteins

Franck Coste

Abstract

The formation of dynamic protein filaments contributes to various biological functions by clustering individual molecules together and enhancing their binding to ligands. We report such a propensity for the BTB domains of certain proteins from the ZBTB family, a large eukaryotic transcription factor family implicated in differentiation and cancer. Working with Xenopus laevis and human proteins, we solved crystal structures of filaments formed by dimers of BTB domains of ZBTB8A and ZBTB18 and demonstrated concentration-dependent higher-order assemblies of these dimers in solution. In cells, the BTB-domain filamentation supports clustering of full-length human ZBTB8A and ZBTB18 into dynamic nuclear foci and contributes to the ZBTB18-mediated repression of a reporter gene. The BTB domains of up to 21 human ZBTB-family members and two related proteins, NACC1 and NACC2, are predicted to behave in the same manner. Our results suggest that filamentation is a more common feature of transcription factors than currently appreciated.
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hal-04631262 , version 1 (02-07-2024)

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Lucija Mance, Nicolas Bigot, Edison Zhamungui Sánchez, Franck Coste, Natalia Martín-González, et al.. Dynamic BTB-domain filaments promote clustering of ZBTB proteins. Molecular Cell, 2024, 84 (13), pp.2490-2510.e9. ⟨10.1016/j.molcel.2024.05.029⟩. ⟨hal-04631262v1⟩
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